Agroecology/Sustainable Farming In Ghana

The Peasant Farmers Association of Ghana (PFAG) is undertaking a two-year project (2016 to 2018) on Agroecology titled “AGROECOLOGY FARMING, FOOD SYSTEMS AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF SMALL SCALE FARMERS IN GHANA”.

The project which is funded by Open Society Initiative of West Africa (OSIWA) is to be sited in the Brong Ahafo Region and Upper East Region of Ghana with demonstration farms in Kintampo and Kasena Nankana West District in the Brong Ahafo and Upper East Region respectively.

The project will lead to the establishment of Agroecology farms and community seed banks in the District where over 400 small holder farmers will benefit directly by receiving training on climate change resilience and adaptation as well as agroecology farming practices.

The call for Agroecology or sustainable farming by PFAG is based on the observed signs of failure of industrial agriculture to address adequately the food needs of the population. Initiatives in Ghana such as the Ghana Commercial Agricultural Project, the Nerica Rice Project, the Fertilizer Subsidy Programme, Agricultural Mechanization Programme among others failed to address the problems of food shortage in the country. Agricultural contribution to GDP continues to decline in recent times. In the 2015 budget statement, the agricultural contribution to GDP was 0.4% and the crop sub-sector recorded record low of -1.7%. The nation continues to experience low rainfall and floods, forest depletion, increasing temperatures and drought.

It is expected that adoption of agro-ecological farming is a way of helping to address these problems in the long run. Partners to this project include: African Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (ACCAI) of University of Ghana, Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness of University of Ghana, Kofi Boa’s Agroecology Farms at Nkawie in the Ashanti Region, Organization for Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development (OSARD) and Center for Indigenous Knowledge and Organizational Development (CIKOD).